Technology Vision 2035: Post Launch Activities and Impact

The study of the impact of the Technology Vision 2035 document is an ongoing process and based on this mid-course correction in strategy is important for the country to move ahead. We have seen good action and progress in certain areas e.g. Waterways. However healthcare sector is still lagging and going by the current trend, we would not achieve the targets set by TV2035. Frequently, authorities responsible for these set a lower target for themselves that does not require a major effort!

After Hon’ble PM launched Technology Vision 2035 on the morning of Jan 3, 2016 (See my blog Making and Launching of Technology Vision 2035), our focus shifted to its impact on the future of India. In that blog, I mentioned that “In the very first meeting on TV2035, I emphasized the importance of being able to communicate the document among citizens at large and policymakers, in particular. I mentioned multiple means of communication that are relevant today: (1) Print Media (2) Electronic Media (3) Social Media (4) the Internet (5) Workshops etc. Each one of these needed their own way of providing information from the document.”

Branding TIFAC as a “Think Tank”

One of the things on my mind from the time I joined TIFAC on April 25, 2013, was to establish it as “India’s Technology Think Tank”. I had used this as a tagline on websites and newsletters etc as well. The draft foreword sent to PMO also mentioned explicitly TIFAC to be India’s Technology Think Tank. I was not sure if PMO would edit it out but I took a chance. However as luck would have it, PMO did not consider it out of place and it remained as it is. See the image below:

Foreword by Hon’ble PM

Due to this, the media also started referring to TIFAC as a “Technology Think Tank” and a larger number of news items were published covering TV2035.

Coverage in Media was going to play an important role in the acceptance of the document among the public at large and policymakers in particular. Since the launch itself was done in a very unceremonious way, we were not sure how much media attention this document would get.

As luck would have it, at that time there was a lot of discussion going on about “religious tolerance”. Many awardees were returning the awards given to them as a protest (Link –

On Jan 4, 2016, A news item was published in Indian Express authored by Richa Sharma (I later met her at an event). The headline was “Modi’s Technology Vision 2035 Document Emphasizes on Religious Tolerance”. Given the situation prevailing at that time, all journalists suddenly got curious about this “Modi’s Document”. That made them cover this document in a much bigger way than we had expected.

Indian Express coverage: Jan 4, 2016

Media Coverage – Jan 5, 2016 (Times of India)
Hindustan – Delhi Edition – Jan 7, 2021
Dainik Jagran – National Edition – Jan 9, 2016

Post Release Activities

After the release of the TV2035 Main vision document, our focus shifted to :

  • Creating awareness among policymakers
  • Working with the various state govt to prepare their action plan to achieve this vision
  • Using different means of communication to reach out to the general public including social media
  • Monitoring the progress of the country toward the realization of TV2035

We made a conscious decision to not get into action mode by trying to move toward the realization of the vision. After the release of Technology Vision 2020 in 1996, TIFAC did get into action mode by initiating the Mission 2020 plan and funding various activities across different sectors.

Release of Road maps being prepared in 12 different sectors that were under preparation(Out of these Six were released by April 2018):

  • Education(Released in Nov 2017 at Pune)
  • Medical Sciences & Health Care(Released in Sept 2016 at Hyderabad)
  • Food and Agriculture
  • Water
  • Energy
  • Environment
  • Habitat
  • Transportation(Released in Dec 2016 at Pune)
  • Infrastructure
  • Materials(Released in July 2016 at Kolkata)
  • Manufacturing(Released in Aug 2016 at Coimbatore)
  • Information & Communication Technology(Released in Sept 2016 at Bangalore)

Impact: Grand Challenges

As part of the document, we identified 10 grand challenges for the country: A couple of them were

Grand Challenge 1: Guaranteeing nutritional security and eliminating female and child anaemia

Based on Grand Challenge 1, Govt of India started two major programs:(1) Anemia Mukt Bharat( and (2) Nutrition India (

Grand Challenge 7: Taking the railway to Leh and Tawang

Based on this challenge, projects to start trains to both Leh and Tawang were started. In addition, two more rail tracks in Arunachal Pradesh were initiated – (1) Bhalukpong-Tenga-Tawang (378 km), (2) North Lakhimpur- Bame-Aalo-Silapathar (247.85 km), and (3) Pasighat-Tezu-Parasuram Kund-Rupai (227 km). These were announced by the MoS for railways Manoj Sinha and the MoS for home Kiren Rijiju at Naharlagun Railway Station in 2017.

Impact: Retrospection of Technology Vision 2020

In the retrospection section, the “Walking India” column highlighted those sectors, where India had made poor progress since the release of the Technology Vision 2020 document in 1996. As shown below, these included (1) Healthcare (2) Advanced Sensors (3) Waterways

Retrospection Section Info graphics of India’s progress with respect to Technology Vision 2020


As part of TV2035, we carried out a retrospection of the TV2020 document to compare India’s progress with respect to the vision that was laid out in 1996. The document had put a lot of focus on waterways with the expectation that about 8-9% of passenger and goods traffic would happen through waterways. However, the progress in this respect was very slow and was highlighted in the retrospection section.

Waterways development picked up the pace and by 2018, 13 of these waterways were operational.

A few months ago, a piece of interesting news came that a ship moved across National Waterways-1 (NW-1) and crossed over to NW-2 to deliver goods from Patna to Assam!


Among the other areas of concern was the healthcare sector which was highlighted in the retrospection section. Data for three parameters were shown in his – Average life expectancy, Infant mortality rate, and Maternal mortality rate. We look at each of these to see how well we are doing and has there have been improvements that can assure us of reaching the targets by 2035.

“While we have come a long way since Independence in achieving an average life expectancy of 69 years, this would have to be pushed upwards to 80 years at birth. Likewise, there is a significant reduction in maternal mortality rate and under-5 mortality rate in the country. We can therefore now raise the bar and achieve a maternal mortality rate better than 15 per 100,000 and U-5 mortality rate better than 6 per 1,000 live births.”

Life Expectancy

As per data provided by UN and plotted at, While we would like our average life expectancy to be 80 years by 2035, progress has been slow and unless we take drastic measures, we do not see the hope of achieving this target.

Infant Mortality Rate

If we look at the Infant mortality rate(IFR) per 1000 live births, the target has been set to be 6 by 2035, however, with the current trend, we see it reaching between 12-14 only by that time. Again steps need to be taken to make drastic improvements in this to achieve the target.

Maternal Mortality Rate

We had set a target of 15 per 100000 for Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) by 2035. Recently(Nov 30, 2022), Govt of India claimed a significant drop in MMR over the last few years. Here is the press report:
Significant Decline in the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) from 130 in 2014-16 to 97 per lakh live births in 2018-20: Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya

As compared to TV2035, National Health Policy and SDG have kept a much less ambitious goal of 100 and 70(by 2030) respectively. There seems to be some difference in data being reported from different sources. I have taken data from the years 2000 to 2017 from and extrapolated it to 2035. The chart below shows that we would be reaching around 54 per 100,000 MMR by 2035 much higher than the target of 15! Here also we need to take drastic steps to achieve the target!

Data of India’s MMR based on macrotrend,net extrapolated to 2035

if we look at the statewide statistics of MMR, it clearly tells us where we need to focus more to achieve better results:

Data from:


The study of the impact of the Technology Vision 2035 document is an ongoing process and based on this mid-course correction in strategy is important for the country to move ahead. We have seen good action and progress in certain areas e.g. Waterways. However healthcare sector is still lagging and going by the current trend, we would not achieve the targets set by TV2035. Frequently, authorities responsible for these set a lower target for themselves that does not require a major effort!

Author: Prabhat Ranjan

Prof. Prabhat Ranjan is Vice Chancellor, D Y Patil International University, Akurdi, Pune. He was heading India's Technology Think Tank, TIFAC( as its Executive Director since April 2013 to April 2018. Earlier he was Professor at Dhirubhai Ambani Institute for Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar (DA-IICT) since 2002. He was educated in Netarhat School(near Ranchi), IIT Kharagpur and Delhi University. He received his Ph D from University of California, Berkeley where he carried our research on “Nuclear Fusion” at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory during 1983-86. He immediately returned to India after this and carried out research in Nuclear Fusion area at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Calcutta and Institute for Plasma Research(IPR), Gandhinagar. He played a major role in India’s Nuclear Fusion program and was Project Leader of the largest operational Indian Fusion Reactor, ADITYA, at Institute for Plasma Research from 1996-2002. His current interests include applications of Wireless Sensor Network to Wildlife, Planetary Exploration (Chandrayaan mission), Nuclear Fusion, Healthcare, Agriculture etc. He has received National Science Talent Search Award, IBM Faculty Innovation Grant and HP Innovate 2009 award, NPEDP-Mphasis Universal Design Award 2012, Bihar Gaurav Samman 2012 etc. In March 2022, he was also honored with EduStar India’s Most Impactful Vice Chancellor Award for 2021-22. He has been recognized by outlook among few visionaries, who can lead India towards 5 Trillion Dollar Economy. He has been also honoured with Maharashtra Ratna Gaurav Puraskar by Shalini Foundation in 2024. He is also recognized among the top “100 Great IITians : Dedicated to the Service of the Nation”.

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